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Geography test series
July 16, 2020

Geography Optional Test Series and Content Enrichment Program

Test – 1
Characteristics, Configuration & evolution of rocks and landforms (except Applied Geomorphology) All geomorphology WG ; Physiographic Regions IG, Drainage System IG, Watersheds IG, Relief and Structure IG

Test – 2
Map test of Relief Features of India, Mountains, Plateaus, Hills, Passes, Peaks and  Islands
Test – 3
Physical ,Regional Study of Weather/Climate& Oceans (except Applied
Climatology, Urban climate, Marine Resources, Coral Bleaching, Marine Pollution) All Climatology WG, All Oceanography WG; Mechanism of Indian Monsoons IG, Rainfall Pattern IG, Tropical Cyclones IG, Climatic Regions IG, Western Disturbances IG

Test – 4
Map test of Water bodies of India, Plains, Lakes ,Rivers ,Dams, Multipurpose River Valley Projects &Wetlands

Test – 5
Fundamentals of Biosphere Genesis of soil WG, Classification and distribution of soil WG, Soil Profile WG, Factors influencing world distribution of plants & animals WG, Wild life, Gene Pool centres WG; Ecosystems, Principle of Ecology, Biodiversity WG; Human Ecological adaptation WG, Marine resources WG; Natural vegetation, soil types IG, Resources entire IG

Test –6
Map test of Protected Areas of India, Tiger Reserves, ConR, ComR, Elephant Reserves, Biosphere Reserves, Ramsar Sites & Forest Types

Test –7
Environmental Geography (will include All the Important Conventions & Policies of Environment Mitigation & Adaptation in relevance of GS also) Applied Geomorphology WG, Applied Climatology WG, Marine Pollution WG, Problems of soil degradation, deforestation, Ecological imbalances and changesWG, Ecosystem Management & Conservation, Sustainable Development, Environment Policy, Environmental hazards, remedial measures WG; Ecological issues, Environmental hazards, Pollution, Principle of EIA, Soil Erosion, Environmental Degradation, Environmental Policies (Contemporary issues) IG

Test 8
Map test of Agriculture & Resources of India Crop regions ,Areas of agricultural problems Irrigation Sources , Energy ,Mineral& Ocean Resources.

Test – 9
Reproductive Industries World AgricultureWG, Types, agricultural input & productivities, food and nutrition problem, Food security, Agricultural location models WG; All agriculture IG, Food Security IG

Test – 10
Map test of Industries of India Industrial regions ,Location of textile, pharmaceuticals ,iron &steel, automobile ,paper , cement , petro chemical industries

Test – 11
September Manufacturing Geography Energy crisis, World Economic development, Measurement and problems, World industries WG; All Industry IG; Industrial location models WG

Test – 12
September Map test of Transportation Means Roadways ,Railways , Waterways ,Civil Aviation ,Pipeline & Sea Ports.

Test – 1 Characteristics, Configuration & evolution of rocks and landforms

  • Factors controlling landform  development (WG)
  • Endogenetic  and exogenetic forces (WG)
  • Origin and evolution of the earth’s crust (WG)
  • Fundamentals of geomagnetism (WG)
  • Physical conditions of the earth’s interior (WG)
  • Geosynclines (WG)
  • Continental drift (WG)
  • Isostasy; Plate  tectonics (WG)
  • Recent views on mountain building (WG)
  • Vulcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis (WG)
  • Concepts of geomorphic cycles and Landscape development (WG)
  • Denudation chronology (WG)
  • Channel morphology (WG)
  • Erosion surfaces; Slope development (WG)
  • Structure and relief of India (IG)
  • Drainage systems and watersheds (IG)
  • Physiographic regions of India (IG)

Physical ,Regional Study of Weather/Climate and Oceans

  • Temperature and pressure belts of the world (WG)
  • Heat budget of the earth (WG)
  • Atmospheric circulation (WG)
  • Atmospheric stability and instability (WG)
  • Planetary and local winds (WG)
  • Monsoons and jet streams (WG)
  • Air masses and frontal genesis (WG)
  • Temperate and tropical cyclones (WG)
  • Types and distribution of precipitation (WG)
  • Weather and Climate (WG)
  • Koppen’s, Thornthwaite’s and Trewartha’s classification of world climates (WG)
  • Hydrological cycle (WG)
  • Mechanism of monsoons and rainfall patterns of India (IG)
  • Tropical cyclones and Western Disturbances of India (IG)
  • Floods and Droughts of India (IG)
  • Climatic Regions of India (IG)
  • Bottom topography of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans (WG)
  • Temperature and salinity of the oceans (WG)
  • Heat and salt budgets (WG)
  • Ocean deposits (WG)
  • Waves, currents and tides (WG)
  • Laws of the sea (WG)

Fundamentals of Biosphere

  • Genesis of soils (WG)
  • Classification and distribution of soils (WG)
  • Soil profile (WG)
  • Soil erosion (WG)
  • Degradation and conservation (WG)
  • Factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals (WG)
  • Problems of deforestation and conservation measures (WG)
  • Social forestry; agro-forestry (WG)
  • Wild life (WG)
  • Major gene pool centres (WG)
  • Principle of ecology (WG)
  • Human ecological adaptations (WG)
  • Influence of man on ecology and environment (WG)
  • Natural vegetation (IG)
  • Soil types and their distributions (IG)
  • Land,surface and ground water, energy, minerals, biotic and marine resources (IG)
  • Forest and wild life resources and their conservation (IG)
  • Energy crisis (IG)

Environmental Geography

  • Applied Geomorphology (WG)
  • Geo hydrology (WG)
  • Economic geology and environment (WG) 
  • Global climatic change and role and response of man in climatic changes (WG)
  • Applied climatology and Urban climate (WG)
  • Marine resources: biotic, mineral and energy resources (WG)
  • Coral bleaching (WG)
  • Sea-level changes (WG)
  • Marine pollution (WG)
  • Global and regional ecological changes and imbalances (WG)
  • Ecosystem their management and conservation (WG)
  • Environmental degradation, management and conservation (WG)
  • Biodiversity and sustainable development (WG)
  • Environmental policy (WG)
  • Environmental hazards and remedial measures (WG)
  • Environmental education and legislation (WG)
  • Ecological issues (IG)
  • Environmental hazards (IG)
  • Landslides, earthquakes, Tsunamis, floods and droughts, epidemics (IG)
  • Issues relating to environmental  pollution (IG)
  • Changes in patterns of land use(IG)
  • Principles of environmental impact assessment and environmental management (IG)
  • Environmental degradation; Deforestation, desertification and soil erosion (IG)

Reproductive Industries

  • World agriculture (WG)
  • Typology of agricultural regions (WG)
  • Agricultural inputs and productivity (WG)
  • Food and nutrition problems (WG)
  • Food security (WG)
  • Famine: causes, effects and remedies (WG)
  • Von Thunen’s model of agricultural location (WG)
  • Infrastructure:  irrigation, seeds, fertilizers, power (IG)
  • Institutional factors:  land holdings, land tenure and land reforms (IG)
  • Cropping pattern, agricultural  productivity, agricultural intensity (IG)
  • Crop combination, land capability (IG)
  • Agro and social-forestry (IG)
  • Green revolution and its socio-economic and ecological implications (IG)
  • Significance of dry farming (IG)
  • Livestock resources and white revolution; aqua-culture; sericulture (IG)
  • Apiculture and poultry (IG)
  • Agricultural regionalisation (IG)
  • Agro-climatic zones (IG)
  • Agro-ecological regions (IG)
  • Population explosion and food security (IG)

Manufacturing Geography

  • Tourism including eco –tourism (IG)
  • Energy crisis (WG)
  • The limits to growth (WG)
  • World industries: Location patterns and problems (WG)
  • Weber’s model of industrial location (WG)
  • Evolution of industries (IG)
  • Location factors of cotton, jute, textile, iron and steel, aluminum, fertilizer, paper, chemical and pharmaceutical, automobile, cottage and agro-based industries (IG)
  • Industrial houses and complexes including public sector undertakings (IG)
  • Industrial regionalization (IG)
  • New industrial policies (IG)
  • Multinationalsand liberalization (IG)
  • SpecialEconomic Zones (IG)

Facilitative Industries

  • Patterns of world trade (WG)
  • Road, railway, waterway (IG)
  • Airway and pipeline networks (IG)
  • Their complementary roles in regional development (IG)
  • Growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade(IG)
  • Trade balance (IG)
  • Trade Policy (IG)
  • Export processing zones(IG)
  • Developments in communication and information technology and their impacts on economy and society (IG)
  • Indian space programme(IG)

Regional Developments and Planning and Political Aspects

  • Concept of a region (WG)
  • Types of regions and methods of regionalization (WG)
  • Growth centres and growth poles (WG)
  • Regional imbalances (WG)
  • Regional development strategies (WG)
  • Environmental issues in regional planning (WG)
  • Planning for sustainable development (WG)
  • Perroux and Boudeville Rostov’s model of stages of growth (WG)
  • Experience of regional planning in India (IG)
  • Five Year Plans; Integrated rural development programmes (IG)
  • Panchayati Raj and decentralized planning (IG)
  • Command area development (IG)
  • Watershed management (IG)
  • Planning for backward area, desert drought prone, hill, tribal area development (IG)
  • Multi-level planning (IG)
  • Regional planning and development of island territories (IG)
  • Problems of agrarian and industrial unrest (IG)
  • Regional disparities in economic development (IG)
  • Concept  of sustainable growth and  development (IG)
  • Environmental awareness (IG)
  • Linkage of rivers (IG)
  • Globalization and Indian economy (IG)
  • Heartland and Rimland theories (WG)
  • Laws of  international boundaries and frontiers (WG)
  • Geographical basis of Indian federalism (IG)
  • State re-organization (IG)      
  • Emergence of new states (IG)
  • Regional consciousness and interstate issues (IG)
  • international boundary of India and related issues (IG)
  • Cross border terrorism (IG)
  • India’s role in world affairs (IG)        
  • Geopolitics of South Asia and Indian Ocean realm (IG)

Perspectives in Human Geography Population and Settlement Geography

  • Areal differentiation (WG)
  • Regional synthesis  (WG)
  • Dichotomy and dualism (WG)
  • Environmentalism (WG)
  • Quantitative revolution and location analysis (WG)
  • Radical, behavioral, human and welfare approaches (WG)
  • Languages,religions and secularisation (WG)
  • Cultural regions of the world (WG)
  • Human development index (WG)
  • Systems analysis in Human geography (WG)
  • Malthusian, Marxian and demographic transition models (WG)
  • Growth and distribution of world population (WG)
  • Demographic attributes (WG)
  • Causes and consequences of migration (WG)
  • Concepts of  over-under-and optimum population (WG)
  • Population theories (WG)
  • World population problems and policies (WG)
  • Social well-being and quality of life (WG)
  • Population as social capital (WG)
  • Types and patterns of rural settlements (WG)
  • Environmental issues in rural settlements (WG)
  • Hierarchy of urban settlements (WG)
  • Urbanmorphology (WG)
  • Concepts of primate city and rank-size rule (WG)
  • Functional classification of towns (WG)
  • Sphere of urban influence (WG)
  • Rural-urban fringe; Satellite towns (WG)
  • Problems and remedies of urbanization (WG)
  • Sustainable development of cities (WG)

Cultural Setting and Settlements

  • Historical Perspective of Indian Society(IG)
  • Racial,  linguistic and ethnic diversities (IG)
  • Religious  minorities (IG)
  • Major tribes, tribal areas and their problems(IG)
  • Cultural regions (IG)
  • Growth, distribution and density of population (IG)
  • Demographic attributes (IG)
  • Sex-ratio, age structure, literacy rate (IG)
  • Work-force, dependency ratio (IG)
  • Longevity (IG)
  • Migration (inter-regional, intra- regional and international) and associated problems (IG)
  • Population problems and  policies (IG)
  • Health indicators (IG)
  • Types, patterns and morphology of rural settlements (IG)
  • Urban development (IG)
  • Morphology of Indian cities (IG)
  • Functional classification of Indian cities (IG)
  • Conurbations and metropolitan regions (IG)
  • Urban sprawl (IG)
  • Slums and associated problems (IG)
  • Town planning (IG)
  • Problemsof urbanization and remedies (IG)

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