Geography holds significant importance in both the UPSC Prelims and Main examinations under the General Studies (GS) paper. Apart from three topics in GS Paper I Prelims ,it overlaps with more than half of Paper II and near all Paper III in Main . It also helps aspirants in Essay Writing and International Relations. We at DIRECTION IAS provide customized Prelims cum Main GS Classes. A thorough understanding of geographical concepts, along with the ability to link them to current affairs and other subjects, can significantly enhance a candidate’s performance in the UPSC Civil Services Examination.
To cater this we at DIRECTION IAS have designed Pre cum Main GS Modules as ;-
Physical Geography World and India
Environment, Ecology , biodiversity and climate change
Socio Economic Development
For Integrated Understanding and Current Affairs Relevance to help develop answering both Prelims and Mains questions effectively
Preliminary Examination (GS Paper I):
MCQ-based Questions: In the UPSC Prelims, Geography-related questions often appear in the form of multiple-choice questions (MCQs). These questions can cover various topics such as physical geography, climatology, economic geography, world geography, and more.
Environment and Ecology: A significant portion of environmental and ecological topics, which are an essential part of the Prelims syllabus, are linked to Geography, such as climate change, natural resources, biodiversity, and disaster management.
Physical Geography World & India : A significant portion of Physical Geography topics, which are an essential part of the Prelims syllabus, are linked to Geography, such as relief features, tectonic forces, oceanic currents, climatic regions and mechanism of weather
Socio Economic Development: A significant portion of Socio Economic Development topics, which are an essential part of the Prelims syllabus, are linked to Geography, such as population planning ,inclusion ,human development ,hunger abatement ,agriculture planning ,industrial development,trade transport and communication development.
Map-based Questions: UPSC often includes map-based questions to test candidates’ knowledge of locations, physical features, and geopolitical situations, making knowledge of Geography indispensable.
GS Paper I Syllabus: The UPSC Mains GS Paper I syllabus includes topic geography of the world and India. Indian Society
Salient features of Indian Society
Diversity of India
Role of women and women’s organization
Population and associated issues
Poverty and developmental issues
Urbanization: their problems and their remedies
Effects of globalization on Indian society
Social empowerment: communalism, regionalism & secularism.
Salient features of the world’s physical geography
Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent)
Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclones etc.
Geographical features and their location
Changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
GS Paper III
Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
Land reforms in India.
Effects of liberalization on the economy
changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country
Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage
Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints
e-technology in the aid of farmers
Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices
Public Distribution System– objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping;
issues of buffer stocks and food security
economics of animal-rearing.
Food processing and related industries in India– scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
Science and Technology
Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
Achievements of Indians in science & technology
Indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology
Issues relating to intellectual property rights.
Biodiversity and Environment
environmental pollution and degradation
environmental impact assessment
Disaster and disaster management.
Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
Challenges to internal security through communication networks
Role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges
Basics of cyber security
Money-laundering and its prevention
Security challenges and their management in border areas
Linkages of organized crime with terrorism
Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.