now one of the few countries to take down satellites in space, after a DRDO
missile tested off the Odisha coast successfully hit a low Earth orbit (LEO)
satellite. The Anti-Satellite (ASAT) test has also raised a number of questions
about its capabilities. Here is all you need to know about India’s new space
slayer. The test
27, 2019 India conducted Mission Shakti, an anti-satellite missile test, from
the Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam Island launch complex. This was a technological
mission carried out by DRDO. The satellite used in the mission was one of
India’s existing satellites operating in lower orbit. The test was fully
successful and achieved all parameters and it required an extremely high degree
of precision and technical capability.
The significance of the test is that India has tested and successfully demonstrated its capability. Which is to interdict and intercept a satellite in outer space based on complete indigenous technology. With this test, the country joins an exclusive group of space faring nations consisting of USA, Russia, and China.
The satellite used The satellite used was an Indian
The Missile/Interceptor used The DRDO’s Ballistic Missile Defense
interceptor was used, which is part of the ongoing ballistic missile defense programme. The test was done in the lower
atmosphere to ensure that there is no space debris. Whatever debris that is
generated will decay and fall back onto the earth within weeks.
has a long standing and rapidly growing space programme. It has expanded
rapidly in the last five years. The Mangalyaan Mission to Mars was successfully
launched. Thereafter, the government sanctioned the Gaganyaan Mission which
will take Indians to outer space.
has also undertaken 102 spacecraft missions consisting of communication
satellites, earth observation satellites, experimental satellites, navigation
satellites, apart from satellites meant for scientific research and
exploration, academic studies and other small satellites. India’s space
programme is a critical backbone of India’s security, economic and social
government has stated that it has no intention of entering into an arms race in
outer space. The country has always maintained that space must be used only for
peaceful purposes. The government has also stated that India is against the
weaponization of Outer Space and support international efforts to reinforce the
safety and security of space based assets.
believes that Outer space is the common heritage of humankind and it is the
responsibility of all space-faring nations to preserve and promote the benefits
flowing from advances made in space technology and its applications for all.
also a party to all the major international treaties relating to Outer Space.
India already implements a number of Transparency and Confidence Building
Measures(TCBMs) – including registering space objects with the UN register,
prelaunch notifications, measures in harmony with the UN Space Mitigation
Guidelines, participation in Inter Agency Space Debris Coordination (IADC)
activities with regard to space debris management, undertaking SOPA (Space
Object Proximity Awareness and COLA (Collision Avoidance) Analysis and numerous
international cooperation activities, including hosting the UN affiliated
Centre for Space and Science Technology Education in Asia and Pacific. India
has been participating in all sessions of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses
of Outer Space.
also supported UNGA resolution 69/32 on No First Placement of Weapons on Outer
Space. Equally, India supports the substantive consideration of the issue of
Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space (PAROS) in the Conference on
Disarmament where it has been on the agenda since 1982. The International law on weapons
in outer space
principal international Treaty on space is the 1967 Outer Space Treaty. India
is a signatory to this treaty, and ratified it in 1982. The Outer Space Treaty
prohibits only weapons of mass destruction in outer space, not ordinary
India expects to play a role in the future in the drafting of international law on prevention of an arms race in outer space .
not in violation of any international law or Treaty to which it is a Party or
any national obligation.