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UPSC Main/Prelims 2019 Important Government Schemes
April 19, 2019

National Bamboo Mission

National Bamboo Mission has been restructured by the government in the Union Budget 2018 in order to promote commercial bamboo cultivation in the northeastern states to boost the income of the bamboo farmers. The Union Government has allocated Rs. 1,290 crore towards the mission to promote holistic development of bamboo production as an industry in the country. It will offer a continuous source of income to the bamboo farmers and communities owning bamboo groves. There is a proposition of utilizing this mission under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, the government’s flagship programme for housing to set up bamboo houses.

Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana

Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana, also known as DDU-GKY, aims to uplift the rural sector of India. This top scheme launched by Modi Government targets people in the age group between 15 and 35 years. Its vision is to turn the rural youth into a globally relevant and an economically independent workforce. It is also tasked with adding diversity to the income of poor rural families and catering to the rural youth’s career aspirations. Rs 1,500 crore is set aside which will be used for enhancing their employability. As part of the skill development initiative of the Modi government, disbursements would be made directly into bank accounts of the students through a digital voucher.

Make in India scheme

This scheme launched by Modi government is aimed to encourage companies to make their products in the country only. It also wants to bring more foreign investment in the Indian market. Launched on 25 September 2014, this Pradhan Mantri Make in India scheme permits 100% FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) in all but 25 sectors, namely, defence industry (49%), Media of India (26%), and Space industry (74%).

Swachh Bharat Mission

This scheme is also known as Swachh Bharat Mission. Launched officially on Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday, 2 October 2014, the mission has the vision to make India open-defecation free by 2 October 2019. It aims to clean infrastructure, roads, and streets of rural areas, towns, and cities. Its objective is to construct community-owned and household-owned toilets. Since 2014, a total of 86 million toilets have been constructed.

Adarsh Grams

Launched on Jayaprakash Narayan’s birth anniversary, 11 October 2014, this scheme focuses on the cultural and social development in the villages. The rural development programme has two key objectives. The first is to develop model villages which will be called Adarsh Grams. The objective will be achieved through the existing schemes as well as the nearly designed initiatives which will vary from village to village. The second objective is to curate models for local development which will be carried over to other villages as well.

Universal Immunization Programme

  • This health mission was launched on 25 December 2014 by the government of India. Its primary goal is to immunize all kids under the age of 2 years and also the pregnant women against diseases which can be prevented by taking timely vaccines. There are several diseases targeted, namely, Hepatitis B, measles, tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, tetanus, whooping cough, Haemophilus influenza type B, Japanese encephalitis, pneumonia, Rotavirus, Rubella, and diphtheria.
  • It aims to cover 201 districts in its first phase. Of the total, 82 districts fall in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh. The districts have been chosen such that they have almost 50% of India’s unvaccinated kids. The administration and planning of this key government scheme are similar to that of Pulse Polio Immunization (PPI).

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana

Launched on 15 Jan 2015, this Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana scheme was launched to deal with the issue of skewed child sex ratio. According to the census data 2011, the child gender ratio is 918 girls for every 1,000 boys. It aims to improve the existing welfare services that are meant for girls. This initiative is also jointly supported by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, and the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The scheme was initiated with a funding of ₹100 crore. It mainly targets the regions in Delhi, Bihar, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh. Sakshi Malik, the Olympics 2016 bronze medallist, is its ambassador.

HRIDAY

Launched on 21 January 2015, this Modi scheme aims to preserve the heritage character of all the Heritage Cities in the country. Its goal is to bring together the economic growth and urban planning to realize the vision. Set with a budget of Rs.500 crore, its target cities are Warangal, Velankanni, Varanasi, Mathura, Puri, Kanchipuram, Gaya, Dwarka, Badami, Amritsar, Amaravati, and Ajmer. This scheme supports the revitalization of urban infrastructures such as monuments, and other heritage assets such as temples, Ghats, and more. This scheme will also oversee the development of information kiosks, citizen services, public transportation & parking, roads, sanitation facilities, etc.

Sukanya Samridhi Yojana (Girl Child Prosperity Scheme)

This scheme was launched by the Government of India on 22 January 2015. This scheme is also a part of Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao. It encourages parents with girl child to set up a fund for them which will take care of their marriage and future education expenses. This saving scheme provided tax benefits and an interest rate of 8.5% from October 2017 to December 2017. The account can be opened at any commercial bank’s branch or an India Post office.

Soil Health Card Scheme

Launched on 19 February 2015, this scheme issues farmers soil cards. It aims to help farmers to produce higher yields at minimal cost. It plans to implement that through balanced use of fertilizers. This scheme spreads awareness among farmers about the right amount of nutrients for different types of crops. In plans to take soil samples which will be tested in the labs. The soil’s micro-nutrients deficiency and strengths will be measured. The results and the related suggestions will be printed on the cards and given to the farmers. The government is targeting 14 crore farmers with this scheme.

Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana

The Modi government has set up the MUDRA (Micro Units Development & Refinance Agency Ltd. ) which aims to provide financial assistance to the small and micro enterprises for their activities in the non-farm and non-corporate sector. The Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY), however, provides funding to the organizations whose credit# needs fall below Rs.10 Lakh.

Under this scheme, there are three stages which mark the funding needs and growth of the beneficiary organization in the question. These are:

  • Shishu: This covers loans less than 50,000
  • Kishore: This covers loans more than 50,000 and less than Rs.5,00,000
  • Tarun: This covers loans more than5,00,000 and less than Rs.10,00,000

Under this scheme, eligible business segments include food-service units, fruits/vegetable vendors, service sector units, truck operators, machine operators, food processors, repair shops, small industries, and more.

Atal Pension Yojana

Atal Pension Yojana was launched by Modi in Kolkata on 9 May 2015. This government-backed pension scheme aims towards the unorganized sector. It has been found that as of May 2015, only one-fifth of the country’s population has any legit pension policy. This scheme aims to increase the ratio. The subscribers can opt for a monthly pension plan ranging from Rs.1,000 to Rs.5,000. They are required to make monthly contributions regularly.

 Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana

This Life insurance scheme was launched on 9 May 2015 by the PM Modi. People between the age of 18 and 50 with bank accounts are eligible for this scheme. On this Yojana, the GST is also exempted. The scheme has ₹330 as an annual premium. Under this scheme, the amount gets debited automatically from the account. An amount of Rs.2 lakh will be paid to the nominee in case the subscriber dies. As of 30 May 2018, more than 5 crore people have enrolled in this scheme.

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